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What Are The Differences Between ETFs And Mutual Funds?


Thinking of investing your money but don’t know whether to go for ETFs or Mutual funds? Read this blog to find out facts that will help you make the decision.

ETFs vs. Mutual funds

Source: Pexels

When investing in stocks, mutual funds and ETFs are two of the most popular investment options. But have you ever wondered what the difference is between an exchange-traded fund (ETF) and a mutual fund?

Yes, exchange-traded funds (ETFs) and Mutual funds might seem similar. But they are different investment products. Let us inspect these investment alternatives to see which one is right for you.

Let us take a deeper dive right at these two options.

What is an ETF?

It is a fund that holds assets such as stocks, commodities, or bonds. It carries trade on the stock exchange market and has a value quite like the total value of its assets. You can think of it as a stock-like mutual fund.

What are mutual funds?

A mutual fund is a type of investment where a group of investors put their money to purchase a diversified portfolio of assets. A professional manages these funds, and the investors invest in stocks, bonds, and other money market securities.

Now that we know what mutual funds and ETFs. Let us have a look at the differences between them.

1. Costs 

Fees and expenses for an ETF are less than those for a conventional mutual fund. 

In mutual funds, you will pay the management fees, operating expenditures, and incentive fees from the fund and deducted from its assets. As a result, the quantum of investment and the subsequent return reduces. And the MER (Management expense ratio) can range from less than 1% for money market funds to over 3% for some specialty funds.

When you buy or sell units or stocks in an ETF, you must pay specific fees. As a result, you need to decide the number of instances you want to trade. In ETFs, the fund pays for the management and operating expenses.

2. Flexibility

While investing in mutual funds, the fund’s manager does the work. The manager lays out a plan and decides the approach he will follow to invest your money. But you have a say in significant investment decisions.

And, when investing in ETFs, as an investor, you are allowed to buy and sell securities like stocks and bonds directly on an exchange. However, you must keep in mind that the price of an ETF fluctuates down to the minute, so you must stay on top of when you decide to carry out the exchange.

Difference between ETFs and Mutual funds
Source: Pexels

3. Risk factor

Each investment carries its own set of risks. As a result, it is necessary to undertake a thorough analysis to identify which investment option suits best for your requirements.

Because of the diversification of stocks and bonds, we sometimes regard ETFs as a significantly less hazardous investing alternative. But it has several risks associated with it, such as market risk, liquidity risk, method risks, and counterparty risk. The amount of risk associated with ETFs depends on where you have invested your money.

In mutual funds, the return no one can guarantee. You may lose money on your investment. And the level of risk ranges from low to extremely high. We include the associated risks, which are country risk, credit risk, market risk, currency risk, and liquidity risk. So, by diversifying your investments, you can lessen your overall risk.

Now, you know the differences between ETFs and mutual funds are. It is critical to make an educated investment selection with your hard-earned money. The key is to remember, investment is always subject to market risks. 

Look at ‘Types of Mutual Funds’ if you are interested in learning more about mutual funds.


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